Boris Alexandrovich Tchaikovsky (no relations to Pyotr Ilyich) was born in Moscow on September 10th, 1925. His father was a capable self-taught violinist, and his mother was a medic (and it was she who urged him towards a musical career). He entered the Gnessin Primary Musical School at the age of nine, and among his first musical teachers were Alexandra Golovina, and Elena F. Gnessina. Boris Tchaikovsky's first teacher in composition was Eugeny Messner. Then in due course he proceeded to the Gnessin's Specialized Musical School, where he studied with Vissarion Shebalin, Igor Sposobin, and A. Mutly.
In 1943 Boris entered into the Moscow Conservatory where he studied the piano under Lev Oborin and composition under other prominent teachers - Vissarion Shebalin, Dmitry Shostakovich and Nikolay Myaskovsky. During the anti-formalist campaign of 1948 Shostakovich was banned from teaching and his students were deemed to have been "contaminated". But Tchaikovsky refused to renounce his teachers, proving the integrity and strength of his character. He graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in 1949 and was awarded the USSR State Prize in 1969, for his Second Symphony. Boris Tchaikovsky became the People's Artist of USSR (in 1985). Shostakovich held
B Tchaikovsky in very high esteem and in his music there's more than a hint of DSCH, and to my
ears Prokofiev at times. Enjoy.